Apollo the sun god
Artemis attacked with her arrows and Apollo with his golden sword. After the battle Zeus finally relented his aid and hurled Tityos down to Tartarus.
Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment during the Trojan War in retribution for Agamemnon 's insult to Chryses , a priest of Apollo whose daughter Chryseis had been captured.
He demanded her return, and the Achaeans complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles , which is the theme of the Iliad.
In the Iliad, when Diomedes injured Aeneas , Apollo rescued him. First, Aphrodite tried to rescue Aeneas but Diomedes injured her as well. Aeneas was then enveloped in a cloud by Apollo, who took him to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy.
The Trojan hero Hector was favored by Apollo, who, according to some, was the god's own son by Hecuba . Apollo healed him and encouraged him to take up the arms.
Apollo hid Hector in a cloud of mist to save him from Achilles. After Hector's fated death, Apollo protected his corpse from Achilles' attempt to mutilate it by creating a magical cloud over the corpse.
After the death of Sarpedon , a son of Zeus, Apollo rescued the corpse from the battlefield and cleaned it.
He then gave it to Sleep Hypnos and Death Thanatos. Apollo aided Paris in the killing of Achilles by guiding the arrow of his bow into Achilles ' heel.
One of Apollo's motives was to was to avenge the murder of Troilus , the his son by Hecuba , on the very altar of his temple. Apollo also sought vengeance for the death Tenes , another son of his, whom Achilles killed in spite of Thetis warning that Apollo would personally kill Achilles for this act.
Apollo helped many Trojan warriors, including Agenor , Polydamas , Glaucus in the battlefield. When Zeus struck down Apollo's son Asclepius with a lightning bolt for resurrecting the dead transgressing Themis divine law by stealing Hades 's subjects , Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes , who had fashioned the bolt for Zeus.
During this time he served as shepherd for King Admetus of Pherae in Thessaly. Admetus treated Apollo well, and, in return, the god conferred great benefits on Admetus.
According to some, Apollo shared a romantic relationship with Admetus during his stay. Apollo helped Admetus win Alcestis , the daughter of King Pelias and later convinced the Fates to let Admetus live past his time, if another took his place.
But when it came time for Admetus to die, his parents, whom he had assumed would gladly die for him, refused to cooperate. Instead, Alcestis took his place, but Heracles managed to fight Thanatos , the god of death, and returned her to the world of the living, to her husband.
The fate of Niobe was prophesied by Apollo while he was still in Leto's womb. She displayed hubris when she boasted of her superiority to Leto because she had fourteen children Niobids , seven male and seven female, while Leto had only two.
She further mocked Apollo's effeminate appearance and Artemis' manly appearance. Leto, insulted by this, told her children to punish Niobe.
Accordingly, Apollo killed Niobe's sons, and Artemis her daughters. Apollo and Artemis used poisoned arrows to kill them, though according to some versions of the myth, among the Niobids, Chloris and her brother Amyclas were not killed because they prayed to Leto.
Amphion, at the sight of his dead sons, either killed himself or was killed by Apollo after swearing revenge. Her tears formed the river Achelous. Zeus had turned all the people of Thebes to stone and so no one buried the Niobids until the ninth day after their death, when the gods themselves entombed them.
As a child, Apollo built an altar made of goat horns  which was considered as one of the wonders of the world. In the first Olympics , Apollo defeated Ares and became the victor in wrestling.
He outran Hermes in the race and won first place. Apollo killed the Aloadae when they attempted to storm Mt. Apollo aided Zeus in killing Porphyrion , the king of giants.
Apollo defeated and killed Phorbas , a robber, who had seized the roads to Delphi and was harassing the pilgrims. Apollo rescued Hemithea and Parthenos , sisters of Rhoeo , and turned them into goddesses.
Apollo made the island Anafi appear to the Argonaut to shelter them from a bad storm, by using his bow to shed light upon it. Apollo fostered Chiron , the abandoned centaur and instructed him in various arts like medicine, prophecy, archery and more.
Chiron's calm nature and wisdom, in contrast to rest of the centaurs, is attributed to the education Apollo gave him.
Apollo adopted and fostered Carnus , the abandoned son of Zeus and Europa. He educated the child to be a seer. Apollo equipped his son Aristaeus for the Indian war waged by Dionysus against Indians by providing him with bow, arrows and a shield.
Apollo requested Zeus to spare Periphas , a noble king, who was honoured to the same extent as Zeus, due to which the latter wished to destroy him.
At the request of Apollo, however, Zeus metamorphosed him into an eagle. Apollo saved a shepherd name unknown from death in a large deep cave, by the means of vultures.
To thank him, the shepherd built Apollo a temple under the name Vulturius. Apollo guided Aphrodite, who was grief-stricken with Adonis' death, to his sanctuary and helped her free herself from the heartbreak.
Apollo divides months into summer and winter. During his absence, Delphi was under the care of Dionysus , and no prophecies were given during winters.
Apollo turned Cephissus into a sea monster. Another contender for the birthplace of Apollo is the Cretan islands of Paximadia. Hermes was born on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia.
The story is told in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes. Maia wrapped the infant in blankets but Hermes escaped while she was asleep.
Hermes ran to Thessaly , where Apollo was grazing his cattle. The infant Hermes stole a number of his cows and took them to a cave in the woods near Pylos , covering their tracks.
In the cave, he found a tortoise and killed it, then removed the insides. He used one of the cow's intestines and the tortoise shell and made the first lyre.
Apollo complained to Maia that her son had stolen his cattle, but Hermes had already replaced himself in the blankets she had wrapped him in, so Maia refused to believe Apollo's claim.
Zeus intervened and, claiming to have seen the events, sided with Apollo. Hermes then began to play music on the lyre he had invented.
Apollo, a god of music, fell in love with the instrument and offered to allow exchange of the cattle for the lyre. Hence, Apollo then became a master of the lyre.
Once Pan had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo and to challenge Apollo, the god of music. The mountain-god Tmolus was chosen to umpire.
Pan blew on his pipes, and with his rustic melody gave great satisfaction to himself and his faithful follower, Midas , who happened to be present.
Then Apollo struck the strings of his lyre. It was so beautiful that Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and everyone were pleased with the judgement.
Only Midas dissented and questioned the justice of the award. Apollo would not suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer, and caused them to become the ears of a donkey.
Marsyas was a satyr who was punished by Apollo for his hubris. He had found an aulos on the ground, tossed away after being invented by Athena because it made her cheeks puffy.
When he played the flute, everyone became frenzied with joy. This led Marsyas to think that he was better than Apollo, and he challenged the god to a musical contest.
The contest was judged by the Muses. The contestants agreed to the rule that the victor can do anything with the loser.
After they each performed, both were deemed equal until Apollo decreed they play and sing at the same time. As Apollo played the lyre , this was easy to do.
Marsyas could not do this, as he only knew how to use the flute and could not sing at the same time. Apollo was declared the winner because of this.
According to some, Marsyas played his flute out of tune at one point and accepted his defeat. Out of shame, he assigned to himself the punishment of being skinned for a wine sack.
Marsyas could not do this with his instrument the flute , and so Apollo hung him from a tree to flay him alive. Apollo flayed Marsyas alive in a cave near Celaenae in Phrygia for his hubris to challenge a god.
He then nailed Marsyas' shaggy skin to a nearby pine-tree. Marsyas' blood turned into the river Marsyas. Apollo, as an act of repent and purification for killing Marsyas, tore the strings of his lyre and stayed away from music for a long time.
Apollo also had a lyre -playing contest with Cinyras , who committed suicide when he lost. Love affairs ascribed to Apollo are a late development in Greek mythology.
Daphne was a nymph , daughter of the river god Peneus , who had scorned Apollo. Following a spirited chase by Apollo, Daphne prays to her father Peneus for help and he changes her into the laurel tree, sacred to Apollo.
Artemis Daphnaia, who had her temple among the Lacedemonians, at a place called Hypsoi  in Antiquity, on the slopes of Mount Cnacadion near the Spartan frontier,  had her own sacred laurel trees.
Apollo is said to have been the lover of all nine Muses , and not being able to choose one of them, decided to remain unwed. Cyrene , was a Thessalian princess whom Apollo loved.
In her honor, he built the city Cyrene and made her it's ruler. She was later granted longevity by Apollo who turned her into a nymph.
The couple had two sons, Aristaeus , and Idmon. Evadne was princess or nymph of Arcadia and a lover of Apollo.
She bore him a son, Iamos. During the time of the childbirth, Apollo sent Eileithyia , the goddess of childbirth to assist her.
Rhoeo , a princess of the island of Naxos was loved by Apollo. Out of affection for her, Apollo turned her sisters into goddesses.
On the island Delos she bore Apollo a son named Anius. She entrusted the child to Apollo, who raised and educated the child on his own.
Hyrie or Thyrie was the mother of Cycnus. Apollo turned both the mother and son into swans when they jumped into a lake and tried to kill themselves.
An oracle prophesied that Troy would not be defeated as long as Troilus reached the age of twenty alive. He was ambushed and killed by Achilleus , and Apollo avenged his death by killing Achilles.
Coronis , was daughter of Phlegyas , King of the Lapiths. While pregnant with Asclepius , Coronis fell in love with Ischys , son of Elatus and slept with him.
When Apollo found out about her infidelity through his prophetic powers, he sent his sister, Artemis, to kill Coronis.
Apollo rescued the baby by cutting open Koronis' belly and gave it to the centaur Chiron to raise. He used his powers to conceal her pregnancy from her father.
Later, when Creusa left Ion to die in the wild, Apollo asked Hermes to save the child and bring him to the oracle at Delphi , where he was raised by a priestess.
Hyacinth or Hyacinthus was one of Apollo's male lovers. He was a Spartan prince, beautiful and athletic. The pair was practicing throwing the discus when a discus thrown by Apollo was blown off course by the jealous Zephyrus and struck Hyacinthus in the head, killing him instantly.
Apollo is said to be filled with grief: The festival Hyacinthia was a national celebration of Sparta, which commemorated the death and rebirth of Hyacinthus.
Another male lover was Cyparissus , a descendant of Heracles. Apollo gave him a tame deer as a companion but Cyparissus accidentally killed it with a javelin as it lay asleep in the undergrowth.
Cyparissus asked Apollo to let his tears fall forever. Apollo granted the request by turning him into the Cypress named after him, which was said to be a sad tree because the sap forms droplets like tears on the trunk.
Marpessa was kidnapped by Idas but was loved by Apollo as well. Zeus made her choose between them, and she chose Idas on the grounds that Apollo, being immortal, would tire of her when she grew old.
Sinope , a nymph, was approached by the amorous Apollo. She made him promise that he would grant to her whatever she would ask for, and then cleverly asked him to let her stay a virgin.
Apollo kept his promise and went back. Bolina was admired by Apollo but she refused him and jumped into the sea.
To avoid her death, Apollo turned her into a nymph and let her go. Castalia was a nymph whom Apollo loved.
She fled from him and dove into the spring at Delphi, at the base of Mt. Parnassos , which was then named after her.
Water from this spring was sacred; it was used to clean the Delphian temples and inspire the priestesses.
Cassandra , was daughter of Hecuba and Priam. Apollo fell in love with Cassandra and she promised to return his love on the condition that Apollo gift to her the prophetic powers.
Apollo granted her the wish but she rejected him afterwards. Enraged, Apollo cursed her that she could see the future but that no one would ever believe her.
Hestia , the goddess of hearth, rejected Apollo and Poseidon's marriage proposal and swore that she would always stay unmarried. In Aeschylus ' Oresteia trilogy, Clytemnestra kills her husband, King Agamemnon because he had sacrificed their daughter Iphigenia to proceed forward with the Trojan war, and Cassandra , a prophetess of Apollo.
Apollo gives an order through the Oracle at Delphi that Agamemnon's son, Orestes , is to kill Clytemnestra and Aegisthus , her lover.
Orestes and Pylades carry out the revenge, and consequently Orestes is pursued by the Erinyes or Furies female personifications of vengeance.
Apollo and the Furies argue about whether the matricide was justified; Apollo holds that the bond of marriage is sacred and Orestes was avenging his father, whereas the Erinyes say that the bond of blood between mother and son is more meaningful than the bond of marriage.
They invade his temple, and he drives them away. He says that the matter should be brought before Athena. Apollo promises to protect Orestes, as Orestes has become Apollo's supplicant.
Apollo advocates Orestes at the trial, and ultimately Athena rules in favor of Apollo. The Roman worship of Apollo was adopted from the Greeks.
On the occasion of a pestilence in the s BCE, Apollo's first temple at Rome was established in the Flaminian fields, replacing an older cult site there known as the "Apollinare".
After the battle of Actium , which was fought near a sanctuary of Apollo, Augustus enlarged Apollo's temple, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him, and instituted quinquennial games in his honour.
The chief Apollonian festival was the Pythian Games held every four years at Delphi and was one of the four great Panhellenic Games. Also of major importance was the Delia held every four years on Delos.
Athenian annual festivals included the Boedromia , Metageitnia ,  Pyanepsia , and Thargelia. Spartan annual festivals were the Carneia and the Hyacinthia.
Thebes every nine years held the Daphnephoria. Apollo's most common attributes were the bow and arrow.
Other attributes of his included the kithara an advanced version of the common lyre , the plectrum and the sword.
Apollo was loved by both gods and humans, women and men; and, more often than not, he loved them back as well.
On two occasions, a mortal got the better of the god. A white crow informed Apollo of this affair which enraged Apollo so much that he ordered Artemis to kill Coronis and burned the feathers of the crow.
Crows are black ever since. After a while, Apollo fell in love with Marpessa. Her lover Idas had already went through hell to get her, even risking his own life while abducting her.
Zeus stopped this fight and gave Marpessa the chance to choose. She chose Idas — since she feared that Apollo would stop loving her after she grows old.
In an attempt to seduce her, Apollo gifted Cassandra , the Trojan princess, the gift of prophecy. However, afterward she backed out of the deal.
But, he thought of a cunning idea to spoil it: Ever since, nobody believes her — even though her prophecies are always right.
She asked from her father, the river god Peneus , to be transformed into something else. And just as Apollo was about to embrace her, she was — into a laurel tree.
Cassandra was the daughter of the Trojan king, Priam. Apollo fell in love with her, and in order to seduce her, granted her a gift of prophecy.
However, Cassandra was in love with the Greek hero Agamemnon, and later on, rejected Apollo for him. Enraged by this, Apollo cursed her that she would only be able to foresee the tragic events, and that nobody would ever believe her prophecy.
Some sources also tell us about Acantha, a nymph, with whom Apollo was also in love. She completely rejected Apollo, and scratched his face badly, when he tried to rape her.
When she died, he turned her into the acanthus tree. Apollo, as mentioned above, also had several male lovers. Some of them were as under: One of the most famed love affair of Apollo was with the Spartan Prince named, Hyacinthus.
Sources tell us that he was beautiful and athletic, and had an attractive personality. Zephyrus, the west wind, also desired Hyacinthus, who did not pay any heed to him.
One day, when Apollo and Hyacinthus were playing with the discus, the one thrown by Apollo was forcefully blown by Zephyrus, who was immensely jealous.
The discus struck the forehead of Hyacinthus, and he died on the spot. The grief-stricken Apollo, created a flower out of his lover's blood, and named it after the Prince.
In the later periods, the Spartans were said to have celebrated the 'Festival of Hyacinthus' with great pomp and show.
Cyparissus was another male lover of Apollo. He was a descendant of Heracles Roman: According to a myth, Apollo had gifted him a deer, which he loved immensely.
However, one day, he accidentally killed it, while it was fast asleep in the undergrowth. Cyparissus became very sad on the deer's death, and asked Apollo to grant him a wish for letting his tears fall eternally.
He was then, transformed into a Cypress by Apollo, a tree, the sap of which forms tear-like droplets on its trunk.
The love life of Apollo has been so vividly described in the ancient Greek and Roman sources, that it became one of the popular subjects of artistic expression, especially during the Renaissance period.
For instance, Apollo and Daphne is a famous marble sculpture by the Italian sculptor Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini,, made between and It was based on Ovid's narrative, and is today, located in the Galleria Borghese, a famous art gallery in Rome.
Apollo, as the God of healing, plays a vital role in the ancient Greek and Roman mythologies. Apollo's son Asclepius is also the God of healing and medicine.
However, the concept of healing, with respect to both the gods, is quite different from each other. In the case of Asclepius, diseases are problems related to the body, which can be cured through proper knowledge and medications.
But for Apollo, disease pertains, not to an individual body, but to the world as a whole. The term disease, here, refers to the evil that is prevalent in the universe, which causes troubles and hardships and brings death.
Apollo, as the healer, aims to purify the world of all the pollutants that tend to disrupt the cosmic order.
So healing, in Apollo's case, pertains more to cleansing the spirit or the soul, rather than the physical body. In Archaic Greece B. An Archaic Greek myth tells us how Hera drove all the women of Argos mad, and how Iatromantis physician-seer Melampus cured them using some purifying drug.
It further states that Melampus had learned about this process of purification from Apollo himself. During the Trojan war, Apollo's arrows spread the epidemic of plague in the Greek camp.
According to some later sources, the Greeks made sacrifices to please the enraged god and prayed to him in order to drive the disease away and restore health, which seems to have happened.
In this context, health seems to be nothing but the absence of disease, which philosophically means driving out evil and purifying the world, so that the cosmic order can be restored and maintained.
Apollo, the healer, seems to carry forward the tradition of a Bronze Age Mycenean deity Paiawon. As a healer, the cult of Apollo spread from the colonies in the Black Sea to Rome, where he was venerated as Apollo Medicus , the god of medicine.
His association with spiritual purification was the reason why, the practice of worshiping him as a healer continued, even after his son Asclepius took over the domain of medicine and healing.
Apollo Belvedere who was worshiped as a healer. Oracular Cult of Apollo. From the Archaic period onwards, Apollo became synonymous to divination.
Not that he was the only god of the Greek pantheon, who was capable of making divine prophecies. There were others too; but Apollo had a far larger fan following than the rest.
Homer narrates a very interesting incident in Iliad, where Hermes, as a child, asks Apollo to grant him a gift of divination.
To this, Apollo flatly refuses and tells Hermes that it has been divinely decreed that nobody in the universe, except him may learn the art of divination.
Thus, in Greek mythology, divination is the domain of Apollo and Apollo alone, and this is seen in the later periods when Apollo takes over the prophetic cults of all the other deities, and attempts to become a sole oracular divinity.
Of the large number of oracular shrines dedicated to Apollo, those at Delos and Delphi became the largest cult centers, with widespread influence.
Added to this, there were two more, important Apolline oracular shrines viz. While most oracles of Apollo predicted the present and future events, the shrines of Didyma and Clarus were particularly significant for the 'theological oracles' that gave lessons in the religious ideology of monism.
The oracles in these two cult centers were based on the belief that all the deities and men are varied aspects of a single, ultimate reality.
There were many more oracular shrines of Apollo in ancient Greece and Rome, some of which include the following: The ancient town of Bassae in Peloponnese in southern Greece.
In this oracular shrine, Apollo was worshiped as Apollo Epicurius , the healer. The first inhabitants of Tenea were the Trojan prisoners of war, and they were also supposedly the first worshipers of Apollon Teneatos.
In the town of Khyrse in the Troad peninsula of Asia Minor, Apollo was revered as an oracular divinity under the epithet, Apollon Smintheus. In the city of Patara on the southwest coast of Lycia, a winter oracle of Apollo used to be held.
In Syria, in the ancient Greek town of Hierapolis Bambyce, there was a sanctuary of the Syrian Goddess Atargatis , in which there was a stolen, bearded statue of Apollo.
Here, based on the random movements of the statue, divinations were made. The locations of Oracles of Apollo reveal a rather impressive, tribal past of the god's oracular nature.
Most of his oracular shrines were situated outside the city limits, most often in the wilderness, where appropriate calm and serene atmosphere was available, in which man could meet God.
Here, in the calmness of nature, God possessed his Oracles, and made prophecies. The oracular cult of Apollo was at its peak until about the 3rd century A.
In about the second half of the 4th century A. Ruins of Apollo's oracular sanctuary at Delos. Ruins of Apollo's oracular sanctuary at Delphi.
As mentioned above, Apollo was a very popular cult deity right from the Archaic period. People worshiped him in large numbers all over ancient Greece and also in ancient Rome.
Numerous festivals were celebrated in his honor, and most of them marked his great deeds and accomplishments. These celebrations were held in the honor of , the martial hero, who either directly or by means of his divinations, aided the mortals during wars.
The ancient Greek writers have given two possible origins of the festival. Plutarch, a 1st century A. With the help of Apollo, Theseus emerged victorious and commenced the festival.
On the other hand, Suidas a compiler of an ancient Greek lexicon states that the festival commemorated the triumph of King Erechtheus of Athens with Apollo's assistance over Eumolpus, Poseidon's Roman: Nothing much is known regarding how the festival was celebrated except the sacrifices, which were made to Artemis Agrotera the goddess of the Attic hunters.
Here, Apollo was revered as Apollo Carneus , the lord of flocks and herds. The festival called for a week-long celebration, during which all the military operations were halted in Sparta.
An important part of the celebrations included the dedication of the bronze sacrificial tripod in Apollo's temple. This festival called for a national holiday in Sparta, and sources tell us that the Spartans stopped all their activities, in order to be able to participate in the festivities.
The festival commemorated the death of the Spartan prince Hyacinthus. The Spartans mourned the death of their hero on the first day, celebrated his rebirth on the second, and on the third day, a special tunic woven by the Spartan ladies was offered to Apollo.
This was primarily an agrarian festival, where farmers offered their first harvests to the divine siblings. According to some sources, human sacrifice was an important aspect of this festival, but it was replaced by animal sacrifice in the later period.
Apart from these, the Pythian and the Delian games were also held in Delphi and Delos respectively.
These events, which honored the various aspects of Apollo, saw large crowds of people participating in the celebrations, thus standing testimony to the hugeness of Apollo's cult.
Stadium at Delphi where Pythian Games were held. Owing to the varied domains that come under the control of Apollo, his depictions in art are also equally diverse.
In most surviving cases, he is portrayed as a naked, handsome youth, beardless, and with long, flowing locks of hair. In most of the depictions, he also wears a crown made of bay laurel.
He is either in a standing or in a seated posture, but there are also numerous instances where beautifully crafted busts of Apollo have been found. He also holds a sword in some depictions.
Sometimes, a sacrificial tripod is shown beside the god, which represents his prophetic powers. When he is the Sun, he invariably has a halo surrounding his head.
Apart from his individual statues, Apollo also forms part of the depictions of the various Greek and Roman myths. Several sculptures, paintings, and engravings, with respect to his love affairs, his divinations, etc.
The sculptures of the god also occur, carved in relief, on the pediments and friezes of temples. The standing statue of Apollo on the pediment of the temple of Olympian Zeus, Greece, is particularly famous.
In the Hellenistic world Greek colonies of Asia Minor , Apollo was portrayed reclined on a tree, and holding his regular attributes viz. Here, the god has been shown either in side profile, or facing the front.And that Apollo then, when Christianity arrived that the image of Apollo was replaced by the image of the christian god and furthermore with the archangel Michael. His twin sister Artemis is the hunting and moon godess. Archaelogiki EphimerisCol 75, n 1. I suggest others read this article: Aber spin mobile casino allem weil sie als Kolonne auftauchen können. Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Among them sport Ares and the keen-eyed Argeiphontes [Hermes], while Champions league 2019/19 gruppenphase plays his lure stepping high and featly and radiance shines around him, the gleaming of his feet and close-woven vest. Selene is goddess of Moon and her brother Helios is god of Sun. Background A divine slot befitting a god! The em gruppe d tabelle of Delos was also sacred to him, but there is no daylight las vegas pool party to Apollo remaining casino rewards card gold coast today. Apollo god of the sun. Dieser Beitrag besitzt kein Schlagwort. God of the Sun, Music, Healing. Selene is goddess of Moon and her brother Helios is god of Sun. Für so viele Chancen https: